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White Book of CD
Format for Video CD

A SCSI-2 feature allowing 16 or 32-bit transfers on the SCSI bus. This dramatically increases the transfer rate over the standard 8-bit SCSI bus.

Operating Environment written by Microsoft. It is a Graphical User Interface that runs on top of MS-DOS.

Windows 3.11
The last release of the Microsoft Windows Operating Environment before Windows 95.

Windows 95
The latest release of the Microsoft Windows Operating Environment. Windows 95 features full 32 bit design, pre-emptive multitasking, and multithreading. Windows 95 is a successor to Windows 3.1 and Windows for Workgroups, but it does not replace Windows NT.

Windows NT
An operating system developed by Microsoft, designed to provide networking services, and to be at least somewhat processor independent. NT shares a common interface with Windows 3.1, but does not require MS-DOS. NT runs on Intel processors (386 and above), MIPS, and the DEC Alpha. Support for the PowerPC is planned.

A class of desktop machine, conventionally considered more powerful than a personal computer (or microcomputer). As personal computers have continued to become more powerful, the distinction between personal computers and lower end workstations has blurred.

A two byte (or 16-bit) unit of information.

Write Once Read Many. An optical storage device, like CD-ROM, used to permanently store data. WORM drives are large capacity storage devices that provide a permanent record of your data. WORM drives are ideal for archiving large amounts of information and maintaining an audit trail of all change to data. You can't physically erase anything written to a WORM cartridge.

WRAM (Windows RAM)
Windows RAM created by Samsung, is dual ported, but costs about 20% less than VRAM and is 50% faster. It runs at 50 MHz and is optimized for acceleration and can transfer blocks and supports text and pattern fills. Mostly used for video cards.

WRAM offers graphics-specific features for overall better Windows performance.   Its two ports allow input of graphic drawing and output of screen refresh data to be processed simultaneously, resulting in much higher bandwidth than conventional single-ported memory types. The nature of dual-ported memory makes it the perfect fit for color and video applications as it allows for faster transfer rates and screen redraws due to its  high capacity bandwidth and as such necessitate high-performance dual-ported memory types such as WRAM and VRAM.

With their dual-ported design, they enable the graphics processor to read and redraw the screen simultaneously, eliminating the problem from single-ported memory types, where the memory can only the read from or written to at one time, and the graphics engine must wait each time the screen is updated.

When you considering the benefits of WRAM over VRAM memory, one must bear in mind that WRAM memory is both faster, offering a 50% performance increase, and less expensive, 20% lower cost per bit, than VRAM memory.

A process that requires a lot of writing of data to a device such as a hard disk.

The World-Wide Web, an abstract structure built on top of the HTTP protocol.


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